Multicriteria Analysis

Multicriteria Analysis

BGI Consulting uses a multicriteria analysis methodology to evaluate the governance and implementation systems of public policy actors. In the case of multicriteria analysis, the operation of an institutional governance system is examined in a complex manner, i.e. taking into account all  levels of  institutions of the governance and administration system, the stages of the public policy cycle and the criteria defining the quality of the governance and administration system. For example, a number of criteria can be distinguished to assess  the governance and administration system. The eligibility criterion in the analysis of the governance and administration system includes internal and external requirements of the system of implementation of public policy programs, rules and processes. The efficiency criterion depicts  the efficiency of a system, and the ability to achieve the set  operational and strategic objectives . The transparency criterion reflects the clarity or unambiguity of aspects of the system, processes and other public policy programs. 

For example, in examining the efficiency of the governance and implementation system, primary focus is on identifying and analysinge efficiency determinants. BGI Consulting experts use the methodology for evaluating EU governance and implementation systems and good research experience through multicriteria analysis of governance systems.  Studies of governance and implementation (administration) systems (EPRC, METIS, University of Strathclyde, BGI Consulting, etc.) of individual EU Member States was carried out by the request of European Commision. Assessments and academic literature consider effective systems of public policy governance and administration, which are able to fulfill their stated goals in compliance with regulatory, strategic and financial requirements both in general and in each program management and implementation phasefrom the preparation of the Program to payment. From a practical point of view, this means that essential and relevant factors are needed to ensure the proper and effective implementation of all stages of the program. In literature and governance system research, these factors include three cornerstones - structures, human resources, administrative tools and procedures. In this analysis, the structures concerned include such factors as the (1) institutional framework providing for specific responsibilities and functions, (2) the application of the partnership principle and proper stakeholder management, (3) interinstitutional cooperation. Human resources include such analysed factors as (4) human resources adequacy in quantitative terms (number of employees) and (5) qualitative adequacy of human resources (employee competence and administrative capacity). Administrative tools and procedures include the following factors that are analysed in the assessment: (6) external expertise and technical support, (7) clear and high quality procedures and (8) administrative resources (IT tools, logistics, etc.).

By ensuring the high qualitative and sufficient quantitative attributes of all these factors and their sustainability in time, the system of management and implementation is effective and high-quality. An analysis that reveals the differences in elements of sufficiency in different stages of public policy and / or between individual actors in the management and administration system and / or among the elements themselves can provide the necessary information on improving the system, solving existing or potential problems, and increasing the overall effectiveness of the management and administration of the Program.
The evaluation of public policy program management and administration systems is based on various empirical data sources, including the views of different system participants and beneficiaries, expressed through surveys and interviews, expert assessments, etc.

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